Offside. This is a common soccer term. But when is it actually offside? We explain when ánd what is offside in soccer.
What and when is offside in soccer?
Offside in soccer is when a player of the other team is closer to the dead ball line than the penultimate player (usually defender) of the defending team. The last two players can be either two field players or a goalkeeper and field player. This is when the goalkeeper has come out of his goal. Instead of one penultimate player, it is also possible that there are several penultimate players who are on one line. All body parts of a player count except the hands and arms of a player.
There is one situation where this rule does not apply. This is when the attacking player is on his own half of the court. In practice, this can occur during a very last-minute, all-or-nothing attack by the trailing side. Everyone (including the goalie) goes to the winning goal. When the ball is then played to the attacking players, a player can score a counting goal.
What is the offside rule?
The offside rule in soccer is that a player is offside if he is closer to the opponents goal line than the ball and the last defending player, unless there is at least one player of his own between him and the goal line. If a player is offside, he may not take part in the game until the ball is put back in play. If a player scores a goal while offside, the goal will not be accepted.
History of offside in soccer
Back in the day, every soccer school had its own set of rules. The offside rule was put on paper in 1848, along with many of the other soccer rules. The concept of offside in soccer has changed several times over time. The idea behind offside is to prevent a player from taking advantage of his position relative to the defense. In the 19th century, offside was defined as follows: a player was offside if he was closer to the opponent’s goal line than the ball and the last defender. In 1925, the rule was modified, making a player offside if he was closer to the opponent’s goal line than the ball and two defenders.
The offside rule has been modified several times, most recently in 1990. It was decided then that when the attacker is in line with the penultimate player, he is no longer offside. In other words, he must actually be past it and the ball must go his way, i.e., obstructively offside. In the 1990s, the rule was modified by FIFA(Fédération Internationale de Football Association), making a player offside if he was on or past the last defender, unless he received the ball from a teammate.
In 2020, the rule was changed again. As of now, a player is offside if he is on or past the last defender, unless he received the ball from a teammate or the defender played the ball to him.
Video Assistant Referee (VAR), or video referee
The Video Assistant Referee (VAR) is a technology used in professional soccer leagues to assist referees in making decisions. The VAR uses video footage from various cameras on the field to assist or correct certain decisions, such as goals, penalties, red cards and offside.
The VAR can advise the referee to look at a video image if there is doubt about a decision being made. When the referee looks at the image, he can decide to keep or change his original decision.
VAR is being introduced in more and more countries and leagues, including the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Champions League, Premier League, La Liga, Bundesliga and Serie A.
What other important rules are there in soccer?
There are many rules in soccer, but the most essential rules are the following:
- The goal is to score the ball in the opponent’s goal.
- Each team consists of 11 players, including a goalkeeper.
- The ball may be touched with any part of the body except the arms and hands.
- A goal may only be scored when the ball has completely crossed the goal line between the posts and under the crossbar.
- No violence may be used while playing soccer. Any violation is punished by a free kick.
- There are no timeouts in soccer unless there is an injury.
- There is to be no taking advantage of offside.
- There are mandatory substitutions for each team.
- There is a penalty kick if a foul is committed inside the sixteen meters.
- There is a red card for serious violation or repeated violation of the rules.
- There is a yellow card for minor infraction of the rules.
- There is a corner if the ball hits the back line after being touched by a defender.
- There is a goal kick if the ball touches the back line after being touched by the attacker.
- There is a free kick if a foul is committed outside the sixteen meters.
- There is a handball if a player touches the ball with his hands or arms.
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